Emil Maurice was born on 19th January, 1897. A watchmaker, he joined the Nazi Party in 1919. The following year he became head of Hitler's bodyguard at public meetings.
He took part in the Munich Putsch in 1923 and was imprisoned with Adolf Hitler in Lansberg. After he was released from prison Maurice worked as Hitler's chauffeur. Maurice was rumoured to be having an affair with Hitler's niece, Geli Raubal, and he lost his job as chauffeur.
Maurice was later reinstated and was with Hitler during the Night of the Long Knives and was responsible for the shooting of Edmund Heines and his boyfriend on 30th June, 1934. He was also responsible for the killing Father Bernhard Stempfle, who had been talking about Hitler's relationship with Geli Raubal.
In 1937 Maurice was appointed as head of the Landeshandwerksmeister, a society of professional handicraft workers in Munich.
(1) Geli Raubal, letter to Emil Maurice, (24th December, 1928)
The postman has already brought me three letters from you, but never have I been so happy as I was over the last. Perhaps that's the reason we've had such bad experiences over the last few days. Uncle Adolf is insisting that we should wait two years. Think of it, Emil, two whole years of only being able to kiss each other now and then and always having Uncle adolf in charge. I can only give you my love and be unconditionally faithful to you. I love you so infinitely much. Uncle Adolf insists that I should go on with my studies.
(2) Adolf Hitler, quoted by Heinrich Hoffmann in his book Hitler Was My Friend (1955)
You know, Hoffmann, I'm so concerned about Geli's future that I feel I have to watch over her. I love Geli and could marry her. Good! But you know what my viewpoint is. I want to remain single. So I retain the right to exert an influence on her circle of friends until such a time as she finds the right man. What Geli sees as compulsion is simply prudence. I want to stop her from falling into the hands of someone unsuitable.
(3) Alan Bullock, Hitler: A Study in Tyranny (1952)
Geli Raubal was simple and attractive, with a pleasant voice which she wanted to have trained for singing. During the next four years she became Hitler's constant companion, and when her uncle acquired his flat on the Prinzregentenplatz she spent much time with him in Munich as well as up at the Obersalzberg. This period in Munich Hitler later described as the happiest in his life; he idolised this girl, who was twenty years younger than himself, took her with him whenever he could - in short, he fell in love with her.
Whether Geli was ever in love with him is uncertain. She was flattered and impressed by her now famous uncle, she enjoyed going about with him, but she suffered from his hypersensitive jealousy. Hitler refused to let her have any life of her own; he refused to let her go to Vienna to have her voice trained; he was beside himself with fury when he discovered that she had allowed Emil Maurice, his chauffeur, to make love to her, and forbade her to have anything to do with any other man.
(4) Louis L. Snyder, Encyclopedia of the Third Reich (1976)
Maurice was not popular in nazi party circles. Dark and of French descent, he was accused in the inner entourage of having Jewish blood. In the summer of 1924, while in Landsberg Prison, Maurice took notes of Hitler's first dictation for Mein Kampf, a task completed by Rudolf Hess. Maurice was friendly with Angela (Geli) Raubal, Hitler's niece, and it was believed that he was his employer's rival for her affections before her suicide on September 18, 1931.
© John Simkin, March 2013