|First World War||Second World War||The Cold War|
George Stumme was born in Germany in 1886. He joined the German Army and by 1938 had reached the rank of lieutenant general and was appointed commander of the 2nd Light Division. The following year he led his troops into Poland. After being replaced by General Erwin Rommel on 15th February 1940, he became commander of the 40th Army Corps.
During Operation Barbarossa Stumme served under Field Marshal Fedor von Bock in Army Group Centre. On 18th October 1941 Stumme and his troops captured Mozhaisk. He then joined the offensive against Stalingrad.
On 19th June, 1942, the Soviets captured a set of operational plans. Stumme was held responsible and Adolf Hitler ordered him to be court-martialed. He was found guilty and sentenced to five years imprisonment but Fedor von Bock managed to get him released.
(1) Ernst Hanfstaengel first met Anton Drexler in 1922.
Anton Drexler, the original founder of the Party, was there most evenings, but by this time he was only its honorary president and had been pushed more or less to one side. A blacksmith by trade, he had a trade union background and although it was he who had thought up the original idea of appealing to the workers with a patriotic programme, he disapproved strongly of the street fighting and violence which was slowly becoming a factor in the Party's activities and wanted to build up as a working-class movement in an orderly fashion.