Science Websites

Science Active: This award winning site for Key Stages 3, 4 and 5 students is easy to navigate and has appropriate, accurate content. The emphasis is chemistry within the curriculum. Key stage 3 builds on the investigation work students see at KS 2 and explores solids, liquids and gases and changing states. Key Stage 4 has as its focus atomic structure and bonding. On line style lesson and downloadable multimedia features make this a complete package. Support materials for AS and A2 Chemistry are identified. Most usefully these are related to specific topic areas. In addition to this resources and download pages provide access to games, quizzes and other interactive learning experiences.

Chemistry for AS and A level: This website is written by a Chief Examiner from his teaching and examining experience. Hints and tips for exam technique; Learning to Learn; Reaction Catalogues for organic and inorganic chemistry; spectra; analytical reactions; worksheets; articles and comment on much-misunderstood Chemistry; biographies; and much more on the whole range of Chemistry. Rod Beavon is Head of Science at Westminster School, Chief Examiner in Chemistry for Edexcel Foundation, and author of several books on AS and A level chemistry for Nelson Thornes and Philip Allan.

Solar System in Action (Orrery): A concise tour of the solar system, and beyond. Orrery provides information and resources on all the major bodies in the solar system - from asteroids to venus. It also includes details and links relevant to the GCSE and A-level Physics courses, as well as reviews of software, books and videos of use to amateurs and educators alike. For teachers, pupils, parents - anyone - who has an interest in Astronomy.

Quiz Factor play educational science quizzes online at Quiz Factor

EuroTurtle: "Sampling the Internet has been likened to drinking from a high pressure hose - lots of water but difficult to swallow!" Roger Poland and the Biology Department at King's College, Taunton have attempted to overcome this by producing this excellent interactive website that contains a wealth of information on the conservation and biology of sea turtles. There are overviews of all sea turtle species, sections on the threats to turtles in the Mediterranean, identification keys and an adventure game involving a loggerhead turtle trying to lay eggs on a popular Greek island frequented by tourists.

Interactive Learning Pages: John Ewart is Head of Department in IT in Milford Haven School in South West Wales. He designed this website primarily for teaching Science to less motivated KS4 pupils following a modular Science course. Later he developed the site to include lessons in ICT. The pages of the site follow a common design: a combination of text and graphic information with multiple choice questions or cloze exercises to assess the understanding of the information in the site.

Education Using PowerPoint: This website aims to make high quality education PowerPoint slideshows available to teachers (as a classroom tool) and students (as a revision tool). It features almost complete coverage of the GCSE Science double award course and the GCSE Physic course, including many diagrammatic explanations. Guaranteed to save teachers a lot of time!

Chemguide is a no-frills site aimed at Chemistry students at a level equivalent to UK advanced level (roughly ages 16 to 18). Although it is written to cover the demands of UK A level syllabuses, it is being used successfully worldwide by students in all sorts of other educational systems. To help students to understand the Chemistry, topics are covered with much greater care and space than is normally possible in textbooks, and the language level and layout is deliberately kept as simple as possible. The writer is an experienced teacher, ex-Head of Chemistry at Truro School, Cornwall, UK, and the author of two Chemistry textbooks.

Chemical Jigsaw Puzzle: In 1978, Omer Roucoux published a chemical jigsaw puzzle. It was designed to help pupils learn about chemical reactions and valencies, and this is does very well. On its website, it is available in two parts: as a GIF and the original DrawFile version (for RISC OS), which you can download separately.

Biology GCSE: GCSE Biology Revision is just one section of Nigel Purchon's wonderful Science website. Although initially produced for his students as Kingsbury High School, this comprehensive website is available to the whole Internet community. Categories in the Biology section include: How to Revise, Cells, Digestion, Photosynthesis, Respiration, Circulation, Ecology, Muscles and Bones. Other features include Science Investigations (how to improve your score in GCSE Investigations), Skills (how to succeed with your 'A' level biology course) and Homework.

ChemNet: The ChemNet website is a portal and resource site for the UK's email discussion list for chemistry teachers primarily on issues concerning A-level and GCSE teaching. It presently links 400 school chemistry departments. The website is sponsored by Cambridge Software (producers of the industry standard chemical structure software, ChemDraw), and is split into teaching areas, focusing on the use of the Internet and ICT in teaching Chemistry. Thus there are links to Periodic Tables, Chemical Databases and databooks, as well as free software members have recommended. The ChemNet email discussion forum was set up by Keith Wilkinson in 1997 from Winchester College. The forum offers support, ideas, reviews and is a non-profit group run for and by enthusiastic chemistry teachers. ChemNet has also produced downloadable freeware, notably the Solutions Assistant, a calculator written for teachers and technicians to assist compute the mass of compounds needed to make up standard solutions.

A Level Biology: This site by Mark Rothery is aimed primarily at AS and A2 level biology students. It contains comprehensive notes that cover the whole specification that are well illustrated interactive past paper questions with answers , keypoint summaries, word documents of handouts, galleries of practicals and dissections, a discussion forum and links to high quality biology websites.

Spinneret: GCSE teaching/revision material (85 topics) with interactive graphics and text effects, educational animations, and some pupils' howlers for light relief!

Wavelength Educational: Free science worksheets, spreadsheets and datafiles plus examples of how to use ICT in the classroom. Also includes cross curricular ICT helpsheets for Microsoft Office applications.

Creative Chemistry: Worksheets and practical guides for chemistry clubs, GCSE and A Level Chemistry. Interactive coursework help, molecular models and games. Created by a Head of Chemistry.

8886 GCSE Science Coursework: Complete guide to the POAE skill areas and a full example investigation. IT guide to producing graphs with lines of best fit. On-line mark totalisers to calculate your best mark total and estimated grade.

The Laboratory: This website has been developed by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. The Laboratory is an constantly evolving site which gives educators and chance to try out new ideas for teaching children science. There are regular features such as 'Weird News from the World of Science', 'Cool Experiments to do at Home', 'You Asked: Your Wacky Questions' and 'The History of Invention'.

Nine Planets: The Nine Planets is an amazing website designed by Bill Arnett, a software engineer from San Jose, California. Bill Arnett is one of the pioneering figures of the Internet and is developing standards that hopefully others will try to maintain. Bill Arnett is to the Internet what D.W. Griffith was to the movies. The Nine Planets provides an overview of the history, mythology and current scientific knowledge of each of the planets and moons in our solar system. Each page has text and images and some have sound and video. Contents include 'Express Tour', 'Overview of the Solar System', 'Other Solar System', 'Spacecraft', 'Discovery Chronology', 'The Origin of the Solar System', 'Planetary Linguistics' and 'Astronomical Names'. The photographs of the planets and moons are spectacular. There is also an excellent glossary and links with other relevant websites.

The Ocean Planet: This website is managed by the Smithsonian Institute in Washington. The Ocean Planet is a virtual reality tour of the successful exhibition held at the National Museum of Natural History in 1995-6. The original exhibition attracted nearly two million visitors and now it has been made available to the rest of the world. The design of the website lets you click the floor plan to navigate, or you can search the site by subject. Most of the educational materials available here were developed specifically for the Ocean Planet Exhibition. These are in electronic form and can be retrieved for use in the classroom. Other organisations such as the University of Kansas and the New England Aquarium have also developed materials that link with the exhibition and these are also available from this website. There are also nine free fact-sheets that relate to the exhibition. A splendid website that is well worth the visit.

St. Louis Science Centre: St. Louis Science Centre is a museum that is experimenting with new and more interactive ways of displaying their exhibits. Their first online gallery is 'Ecology and Environment Past'. This gallery enables the user to explore 300 pages of photographs, animation, videos, drawings and text. 'Ecology and Environment Past' includes Dinosaur animations, a robotic T-Rex, Mississippian and Pennsylvanian dioramas and a Triceratops excavation. There is also an exhibition on the St. Louis area that explains how the region has changed through geological time, which creatures have lived there in the past, and what its current earthquake and tornado risks are. 'Science Adventures' is another popular part of the site. St. Louis Science Centre describe their science adventures as "pre-visit treasure maps that lead your class to the excitement of learning". Titles include: 'Struggle in the Steamy Swamp', 'The Talking Rock', 'Marooned on the Moon', and 'Alien Report'.

Ask Dr. Universe: A wonderful site produced for children by Washington State University. Visitors can ask scientific questions and the university's team of researchers will find you the answer. The site also contains a database of previously answered questions. The keyword from the question is listed in alphabetical order. Question range from: What is a black hole? to "Why are my eyes blue?" Answers are usually two pages long and include a photograph of the person answering the question. Although answered by academics, the answers are written in a style that most children will understand. It is also possible to send follow up questions directly to the person who provided the first answer. A well-designed website that fully deserves the many awards that it has won.

The Skeptics Dictionary: This website has been created by Robert Carroll, a professor of philosophy and author of the book, 'Becoming a Critical Thinker'. The main objective of this website is to explain mysteries such as UFOs, crop circles and telepathy. We all like mysteries and I suspect that a large number of the 114,000 people who have visited the site would have been disappointed by Carroll's scientific and rational explanations. However, this is an impressive attempt to encourage rational thinking.

BUBL Science Reference Library: The BUBL Information Service, based at Strathclyde University Library, is a searchable database of Internet resources of academic relevance. The websites are organized by Dewey Decimal Classification and is browsable by subject or class number. The Science main page has ten categories: Natural Sciences, Astronomy & Allied Sciences, Physics, Chemistry, Earth Sciences, Paleontology, Biology, Plants, Animals and Mathematics. These provide links to further categories. For example, Physics, is broken down into eleven categories from Physics: General Resources to Modern Physics. Each website listed has a brief review with information on the people and organization that have created the website.

The Mineral Gallery: Amethyst Galleries of Dayton, Ohio sells minerals, fossils and jewelry over the Internet. To increase the number of people visiting its website, Amethyst has produced a very useful mineral encyclopedia. For each entry there is a photograph and about 300 words of background information on the mineral. This is followed by data on the colour, luster, transparency, crystal system, crystal habits, cleavage, hardness, specific gravity, etc. Amethyst have also produced a Jewelry Gallery and are currently working on a Fossil Gallery.

Science Museum of Minnesota: This website is produced by the Science Learning Network and the Science Museum of Minnesota. Aimed at younger children, there are several interactive areas including projects on 'Windmills to Whirligis', 'Worms' and 'Monarchs and Migration'. Teachers and children all over the world are encouraged to participate in these projects. The philosophy of the project is clearly illustrated in the excellent 'Thinking Fountain' section. Teachers and students create 'Thinking Fountain' cards on templates provided by the museum. The goal is to encourage questioning and inquiry. Each card highlights an interesting resource related to science. It then refers you to three other selected connections that extend the learning process. The cards are arranged in three different ways: 'Card Clusters'. 'Mind Maps' and 'A-Z'. This is a model of interactive learning that hopefully will inspire other site providers.

The Exploratorium: The San Francisco Exploratorium is a museum of science, art and human perception with over 650 interactive exhibits. Founded by Dr. Frank Oppenheimer in 1969, the Exploratorium receives more that 660,000 visitors, including 67,000 children, every year. Exhibits appear in thirteen different categories: light, colour, sound music, motion, animal behaviour, electricity, heat and temperature, language, patterns, hearing, touch, vision, waves and resonance, and weather. Recently the San Francisco Exploratorium has been producing electronic versions on their favourite exhibits. This includes 'The Trapezoidal Window', 'Mutant Fruit Flies' and the 'Squirming Palm'. There are other interesting sections including 'What's New in the World' and Science Explorer' where students can carry out their own experiments. This is a website that really makes science fun and exciting. Not surprisingly the San Francisco Exploratorium has won a whole range of awards for its website.

The Natural History Museum: Daphne Hills works in the Department of Zoology at the National History Museum and is part of the team responsible for identifying mammal specimens. The National History Museum website has an excellent Science Casebook section that enables visitors to follow Daphne's attempts to find out whether the recently discovered skull with large fangs in the River Fowley, is evidence of the existence of the Beast of Bodmin Moor. Other case-studies in this section include work on a recently discovered micrometeorite and an attempt to answer a question raised by the recent films, Jurassic Park and The Lost World: "Is it possible to extract DNA from ancient bloodsucking insects trapped in amber?" A very impressive website that hopefully will inspire other British museums.

EncycloZine: A website that describes itself as "a concise illustrated encyclopedia and a compendium of diversions". The science area includes sections on Astronomy, Biology, Chemistry, Cosmology, Physics, Nature of Scientific Method and the Philosophy of Science.

Eden Project: The Eden Project in Cornwall houses thousands of the world's plants under special domes, and since opening in March 2001, has attracted more than a million visitors. The official website is disappointing but a team at Learn have produced an impressive educational micro-site for the project aimed at both children and teachers.

The Great Plant Escape: Schools Online is a web site packed full of imaginative curricula and teaching ideas from the professionals at University of Illinois Extension. It's sites include The Great Plant Escape that teaches students the great mysteries of plant life. Case by case the students will check the clues, try experiments and solve problems as Bud and Sprout journey into the world of plants. Students learn the basics of composting, germination, seeds and soils.

Response and Restoration: The website for the Office of Response and Restoration of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, a US government agency. Staff members respond to oil spills and hazardous materials accidents, and aid in the cleanup of hazardous wastesites in the coastal zone. The website offers software, training materials, photos, and information to emergency responders, students and teachers, and other interested people.

Einstein Revealed: This website produced by the WGBH radio and television station, illustrates Einstein's revision of Newtonian physics through a series of illustrated articles, a timeline and interactive games. 'The Time Traveller Game' needs a shockwave plug-in and a compatible browser. There is also a Teacher's Guide available that suggests ways that the material can be used in the classroom. The notes also include a series of experiments that can be used to explain some of Einstein's ideas.

National Library of Medicine: The U.S. National Library of Medicine web site provides free access to a wide variety of health information for both health professional and the public. MEDLINE is the database with 11 million easily searchable references and abstracts to the scientific literature for covering the past 40 years. MEDLINEplus has health information for the public, including useful information on 500 "health topics," an illustrated medical encyclopedia, information about prescription and nonprescription drugs, and tutorials for patients on specific conditions. Students will especially want to visit "The Visible Humans" - detailed computerized anatomical data derived from cadavers, and "Profiles in Science," which has extensive information about prominent 20th Century medical scientists, including photographs, correspondence, and lab notes.

Beyond Discovery: The Path from Research to Human Benefit is a series of articles that identify and trace origins of important recent technological and medical advances. Each story reveals the crucial role played by basic science, the applications of which could not have been anticipated at the time the original research was conducted. The articles are produced through a close collaboration between professional science writers and prominent scientists who have been directly involved with the discoveries being described. Each article is further enhanced on our Website to include a timeline and a rich collection of links that provide additional details.

Dictionary of Cell Biology: The Dictionary of Cell Biology was first published in 1989. The main objective was to provide access to easily-understood and cross-referenced definitions of terms frequently encountered when studying the subject. The second edition, published in 1995, plus enhancements planed for the third edition, is now available free on the Internet. The dictionary has 5450 entries and 5772 cross-references and covers organelles, the nucleus, membrane trafficking, the cytoskeleton, diseases, cell motility and the cell cycle.

Human Anatomy On-line: Informative Graphics Corporation is a commercial software company that has produced this website to show the public what it can do. Human Anatomy On-line contains over one hundred illustrations of the human body with animations and thousands of descriptive links. Using hot spots on the anatomy illustrations, the user can explore their chosen body system (skeleton, muscular, cardiovascular, etc.) through floating anatomy labels. Illustrated animations for specific body functions (heart pumping, lungs breathing, etc.) are also provided, as well as illustrated views of how a baby develops in the womb.

BioTech: The Biotech website is produced and maintained by the University of Texas. Designed for students of biology and chemistry, the website includes an Illustrated Dictionary of the Life Sciences, a Chemical Acronyms Database, Introduction to Glycolysis (an interactive textbook), Science Resources (an annotated list of biomedical websites) and Bioinformatics (an introduction to this hybrid of computer science and biology). The website also includes Cyberbotanica, a virtual chapter in medicinal botany that describes the various botanical compounds used in cancer treatment and the plants that produce them.

Why is the Mona Lisa Smiling? offers rich multilingual cultural perspectives on the identity of Mona Lisa, while comparing two theories of Dr. Lillian Schwartz and Rina de Firenze, author of Mystery of the Mona Lisa, through scientific inquiry. There are current articles online about the celebration of Leonardo's Bronze Horse in Milan as well as a view of the Mona Lisa Bridge now under construction in Oslo, Norway. The project presents music composed by Leonardo da Vinci, and the authors have also identified Leonardo's portrait of an "unknown" Musician. The website also offers free musical postcards, a multigenerational guestbook and The Mona Lisa Select Site Awards Program. Furthermore the site is accessible to the hearing impaired. Click on the signing hand to see the Special Needs Resources.

Dynamic Great Lakes The Dynamic Great Lakes Website describes how the author researched her new book, The Dynamic Great Lakes. The book is about changes in the world’s greatest freshwater system: changes due to natural forces as well as changes caused by people. The information will allow people to make good decisions about these lakes. In addition to excerpts from the book, there are color photos from around the five Great Lakes and their connecting waters from the U.S.A., Canada and photos of the Great Lakes taken from satellites. Other photos and excerpts feature connecting rivers, cities, beaches, sand dunes, marshes, and international bridges. There is a link to the Great Lakes Daily News featuring newspaper and radio articles gleaned from numerous sources every day.

SciRep: Scientific Report Writing for Schools: Writing reports in science lessons is becoming increasingly important. Many exam marks hang in the balance because pupils are unable to finish reports on time, or lack the direction to produce a good enough report that remains concise. This site increases the effective use of ICT in writing reports, and has separate GCSE and A-level versions. Also included on the site is "The Evil Tutor's Guide" as a light relief to the tedium - for both teachers and pupils!

Ask a Scientist: The Scientific American magazine website provides an excellent Ask a Scientist service. Questions and Answers are archived and organised under the following categories: Astronomy, Biology, Chemistry, Computers, Environment, Geology, Mathematics, Medicine and Physics. Recent questions answered include: How does a computer virus scan work? Why does your stomach growl when you are hungry? What is antimatter?

Trees Are Terrific: Schools Online is a web site packed full of imaginative curricula and teaching ideas from the professionals at University of Illinois Extension. The site is constantly growing with new sites added regularly with the newest being Trees Are Terrific for 5 to 8 year olds. It teaches children the basics of trees and their importance to our lives.

Ask an Earth Scientist: The Department of Geology & Geophysics at the University of Hawaii, has produced an excellent Ask an Earth Scientist website. Questions and answers are listed under the following subjects: Volcanoes, Earthquakes & Seismology, Environment & Hydrology, Sediments & Sedimentary Rocks, Igneous Rocks & Minerals and Natural Hazards.

The Science Museum: The Science Museum at South Kensington covers seven floors and has more than 40 individual galleries. It is now possible to visit the museum online to see some of its 15,000 objects in its collection. The best feature of the website is its exhibitions centre. This currently includes Japan: Gateway to the Future, Alfa Romeo - Sustaining Beauty, Apollo 10, Challenge of Materials, Flight Gallery, Flights of Inspiration, Cosmic Globes, Making the Modern World and Strange Surfaces.

Kosmoi: Worlds of Science, Nature, and Technology: This site offers hundreds of pages on a wide range of scientific and technical topics, from Astronomy to Zoology, complemented by recommended books, posters, videos, and software. The home page grabs the attention quickly, with a daily quote and feature article summary, followed by a Top 20 and a site map. There's a lot to explore, and anyone with an interest in science should find it a treasure trove of fascinating articles and tidbits. The author has degrees in physics and mathematics, and has worked with scientists in Europe and the USA, programming systems for international research projects such as a nuclear fusion device, a synchrotron, Hubble, etc. He established one of NASA's first web servers and founded WDVL.com.

Scientific American: The magazine, Scientific American, has provided readers with the latest news and information on science and technology for more than 150 years. As well as recent issues, the Scientific American website includes readers' favourite articles. Other features include Nano Technology, Exhibits, Explore, Today's Trvia, Ask the Experts, Quick Poll and the opportunity to subscribe to a free newsletter.

Nature Grid: Canterbury Environmental Education Centre is located on the 23-acre Broad Oak Nature Reserve. The reserve is a fine example of how a former industrial site (gravel pit) has been reclaimed and enhanced to provide a variety of habitats including, large areas of open water, marginal reed beds and wetlands, woodland, scrub and grassland. Carefully constructed pathways, bridges, bird hides and other structures enable the visitor to enjoy the variety of life living here. It is possible also to view the reserve from the unique vantage point offered by the Water Trail. The centre's website includes teaching material on grasslands, woodlands, ponds, rivers, plants and biodiversity.

Nutrition Foundation: Every aspect of nutrition and food safety is covered on this website. There are sections on Nutrients, Diet, Food Commodities, Food Functions, Balanced Diet, Mood and Food, Topical Information Sheets, Food Requirements and Careers Information. There is also a Teacher Centre and Parent Area.

Food Link is organised by the Food and Drink Federation in association with the Food Standards Agency, the Royal Environmental Health Institute of Scotland, the Chartered Institute of Environmental Health, the Local Authorities Co-ordinating Body on Food and Trading Standards, the Departments of Health, Food and Education, the National Farmers Union, the British Retail Consortium and the British Hospitality Association. The programme provides a focus for communicating messages aimed at helping everyone understand and carry out the basic precautions which they can take to reduce the risk of suffering from food poisoning.

BioWeb: Mrs. King's BioWeb is a help site for students and teachers in the field of science. This site was designed to assist students and teachers with science information that might otherwise be difficult to locate. Major concepts are compiled together in a user friendly fashion to make learning science interesting and educational. The BioWeb includes links to lab experiments, educational games and activities, science fair help, homework help, science journals, teacher lesson plans and resources, distance learning, continuing education, testing aids, and benchmarks for state standards.

Energy Chest: Energy Chest has been funded by Esso UK a subsidiary of ExxonMobil, one of the world's leading petroleum companies. It has been developed by CREATE, an organisation for the promotion and co-ordination of energy education in UK schools and colleges. Energy Chest is a colourful site packed with information and activities for 8-11 year olds and 11-14 year olds. These include measuring different temperatures around the school and identifying the different types of lighting in the school. The site encourages pupils to offer feedback on how they see energy being used. There are notes for teachers and links to other energy and environmental sites.

Andy Darvill's Science Site: This website contains materials that Andy Darvill has written for use in lessons, downloads, information about other software, and revision tips. The website covers chemistry, physics and biology. You can find your way around it all using the bar at the top of each page. If you're looking for something in particular, try the site map. There is also a good page of links to other science websites.

A Critical Decision: This educational organization provides research and thought-provoking insight on the relationship of science within society and its effects upon the environment and biodiversity (our life-support system). The organization also provides a nature gallery (with many stunning photographs) for visitors to enjoy. Bill Gladish, the man behind this website, writes, "As a concerned citizen (with a background as a military officer), I'm hopeful that you will find the information useful in your personal and professional life. If these issues are not addressed soon, all of us will suffer greatly (especially young citizens)."

Science Year: Science Year is a 12 month packed calendar of events, projects & resources designed to stimulate the imagination about science & technology. It’s for everyone, but it’s focused particularly on people between the ages of 10 and 19 and the adults around them - especially their teachers. Science Year is not about test-tubes, voltmeters and bunsen burners though. It’s about raising awareness of the wide and wonderful world of subjects and careers that are underpinned by science and technology. Working with other science-related organisations, projects and teaching resources have been developed to promote and enhance science, technology and engineering during Science Year.

Scientists and the Second World War: Biographies of 52 scientists involved in military technology during the Second World War. Subjects include David Bohm, Nils Bohr, Wernher von Braun, Sydney Camm, Christopher Cockerell, Walter Dornberger, Enrico Fermi, James Franck, Walter Gerlach, Hans Geiger, Otto Hahn, Ernst Heinkel, Werner Heisenberg, Frederick Lindemann, Salvador Luria, Lise Meitner, Reginald J. Mitchell, Robert Oppenheimer, Leo Szilard, Edward Teller, Barnes Wallis, Robert Watson-Watt and Frank Whittle. The website also has a hyperlinked Second World War Technology timeline.

Invent Now is a non-profit organization that celebrates and foster the spirit and practice of invention. The National Inventors Hall of Fame honors the women and men responsible for the great technological advances that make human, social and economic progress possible. Each year, the Selection Committee of the National Inventors Hall of Fame Foundation selects inventors for induction. On this website you can brouse Invent Now's database of inventors and inventions.

Polar Bears: Have you ever wondered how climate change is effecting polar bears? The WWF is funding research at the Norwegian Polar Institute to find out how species dependent on sea ice habitats are impacted by climate change. By tracking the movements of polar bears, we can learn more about how they use their habitat. Two bears, Gro and Louise, are tagged with radio collars, which beam their positions via a satellite to this website. By visiting the WWF's Polar Bear Tracker, students can follow the movements of the polar bears and find out how pollution, overhunting and the melting of arctic sea ice is effecting them.

Know Need: Chad Evans was a Head of Science at a school in London and is now a Biology teacher in a British School in Singapore. Here he is continually creating online material to be used in his classes. The website contains a large amount of revision notes (over 70 lesson topics) and a downloadable gallery of all the images that have been used. These downloaded images are in a form that can be altered and used in worksheets. There are also some online multiple choice questions based on the edexcel modular science syllabus.

Manhattan Project: On 2nd August, 1939, three Jewish scientists who had fled to the United States from Europe, Albert Einstein, Leo Szilard and Eugene Wigner, wrote a joint letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, about the developments that had been taking place in nuclear physics. They warned Roosevelt that scientists in Germany were working on the possibility of using uranium to produce nuclear weapons. Roosevelt responded by setting up a scientific advisory committee to investigate the matter. This eventually resulted in the Manhattan Project, a scheme to develop atomic weapons. This website provides an overview of the Manhattan Project and a collection of primary sources concerning the development of the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945.

Physics: Using powerful natural language query software (EasyAsk) the site answers your question with a series of relevant and accurate websites from its database of refereed resources. If you provide more information such as age and knowledge of physics the answers become even more focused. By registering, the site will remember your profile for your next visit and allow you to rank and comment on search results. As well as asking questions you can explore the relevance and importance of physics in all our lives with Physics Life.

Planet Science: This website is a packed calendar of events, projects & resources designed to stimulate the imagination about science & technology. It’s for everyone, but it’s focused particularly on people between the ages of 10 and 19 and the adults around them - especially their teachers. Planet Science isn’t about test-tubes, voltmeters and bunsen burners though. It’s about raising awareness of the wide and wonderful world of subjects and careers that are underpinned by science and technology.

Charles Darwin and Darwiniana: The heart of the C. Warren Irvin Jr. Collection, donated to Thomas Cooper Library, in 1996, is Darwin's own writings. The Irvin Collection was first exhibited at Thomas Cooper Library in 1992. This much-expanded web exhibit sets out both to chart Darwin's career and to illustrate his achievements and influence, setting Darwin's own books in the context of works by his scientific contemporaries.

Science Teaching: How do websites help students to learn and the teacher to teach? Drawing on the experience of teaching Biology and Science in a laptop school this account by David Faure outlines ways of successfully incorporating websites into lessons. The material is organized under the sections: Magic Moments, Curriculum Enhancement, Reward and Revision, Display Pages and Hypothesis Research.

El Niño: This award-winning site contains comprehensive information on the past and present impact of El Niño on the climate of Canada and its effects on the global climate. Through animation, this website shows the changes in the Canadian climate and climatic extremes that accompany El Niño. A scientific explanation of the El Niño phenomenon, comparisons between various El Niños and forecast of El Niño are also provided.

Robotics Education Project: NASA's Robotics Education Project is intended to raise children's interest in robotics and promote it as a possible career choice. The website highlights many applications of robots, such as space exploration, medicine, and mechanical automation. It also provides news articles, multimedia games, educational activities, and lesson plans.

James Prescott Joule: In a series of experiments in the middle of the 19th century, James Prescott Joule helped to show the relations between electricity, mechanical, and chemical effects. This research led to the discovery of the first law of thermodynamics. This website, developed by the Museum of Science & Industry in Manchester, explores aspects of the work of James Joule. This is a pilot for a much larger site which will look at science in the Manchester area, past and present, focussing on the people involved. It will feature the work of John Dee, John Dalton, James Joule and Ernest Rutherford, as well as looking at other locally important areas of scientific activity, putting them into a wider social and economic context.

Teaching Ideas Science: Teaching Ideas is a website for teachers who teach primary-age children (i.e. ages 5 to 11). The material is produced by Mark Warner, a teacher in a primary school in Kent. Although it has been designed with UK teachers in mind, all ideas can of course be used by teachers around the world. The science section includes activities entitled Wicked Science, Watching Snails, Moving and Growing, Habitats, Investigating Teeth, Conductors and Insulators, Friction and Transparency Experiment.

TryScience Museum: TryScience is a virtual science museum - the first Web site to capture the very best science from more than 660 museums around the world. Now, anywhere and anytime, children, parents and teachers have instant access to experiments, exhibits and scientific breakthroughs. IBM scientists created the site in collaboration with the New York Hall of Science and the US Association of Science-Technology Centres. It is now available in English, French, German, Italian, Spanish and Brazilian Portuguese as well as Chinese and Japanese.

Profiles in Science: The National Library of Medicine's Profiles in Science website makes the archival collections of prominent twentieth-century biomedical scientists available to the public through modern digital technology. The collections have been donated to the National Library of Medicine and contain published and unpublished materials, including books, journal volumes, pamphlets, diaries, letters, manuscripts, photographs, audio tapes, and other audiovisual materials.

Science and You: George Santayana is famously quoted as saying "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it." This website, created by Henry Mulder, plans to explore the history and philosophy of science in a down-to-earth fashion. Mulder plans to take a look at all aspects of Science with a special focus on how many of the concepts that guide modern science came to be.

MST: This is a website for science teachers, students and their parents. You will find many resources including lessons, units, experiments, a teacher pdf page, information and links for middle grades areas of study. The site is colourful and easily navigated. The site contains useful information for teachers as background knowledge or for lesson preparation. Students might use it in class for research, to do WebQuests, to review for tests, to play games, or they might use the information for tutorial or reinforcement of science skills.

School Science: This website has been produced by Industry Supports Education (ISE). ISE was founded in the late 1980s and has produced printed publications for schools since then. The aim is to provide information about the science learnt in schools and how it is applied in industry and research. All the resources are written by experienced teacher authors. All the electronic resources have a similar layout and work in the same way. They include an interactive glossary, interactive diagrams with roll overs, some quick questions and a find facility.

David Peat: This is the personal web site of the writer and physicist Dr. F. David Peat. It contains a large number of essays on physics, Jungian psychology, art, economics, creativity, the ideas of David Bohm, the world view of Native America and Gentle Action. The site also contains transcripts of interviews with scientists, artists and composers such as Sir Michael Tippett and Anthony Gormley, along with some sound clips.

Exploring Biodiversity. This website produced by the Natural History Museum provides an interactive introduction to biodiversity. It allows students to investigate what biodiversity means, explore different ways of measuring biodiversity, compare the floras of different British postal districts and consider factors influencing British species distributions. It also provides ideas for outdoor and classroom based biodiversity studies and links to other biodiversity related websites.

Shedd Educational Adventures (SEA) contains a treasure trove of aquatic science resources for teachers and students. SEA brings the Philippines to life for your students with fact sheets and multimedia interactives based on the Wild Reef exhibit at Shedd Aquarium. Help Squish the Fish find lunch. Build a fish and try to survive on the reef. Solve a mystery in the Philippines. Research seahorse conservation. Plus lesson plans, fact sheets about plants, animals and culture.

Studying the Technologies of Regenerative Energies: The Comenius team running a project on Studying the Technologies of Regenerative Energies (STORE), involving schools from France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Portugal and Slovakia, has just launched its new collaborative website. Recent articles added include Fuel Cell Technology, Solar Energy, Wind Energy, From Laboratory to Solar Factory and Exhibition on the Sun.

Science, Optics and You: This is a science curriculum package being developed for teachers, students, and parents. These activities are designed to promote the asking and answering of questions related to light, color, and optics. The program begins with basic information about lenses, shadows, prisms, and color, leading up to the use of sophisticated instruments scientists use to help them understand the world. The goal of Science, Optics and You is for students to acquire the skills with which they can do microscopic analysis of a variety of samples in multiple ways.

Bionet: This website that lets you explore and debate the latest discoveries in life sciences. Should we clone human embryos to cure disease? Would you choose your child's genes? Would you eat genetically modified food? Will new drugs keep you healthy and make you live forever? This website has been created by eight European science centres and museums, and is presented in nine different languages. You can explore the science, look at the ethical issues, compare the laws in different countries, play games and express your opinions.

Museum of Microscopy: Microscopes, first invented more than four centuries ago, have undergone many changes over the years. The Molecular Expressions Museum of Microscopy is a historic exploration of the beautiful and functional instruments. Examples range from rudimentary sixteenth century Dutch designs, to the ornate microscopes of eighteenth and nineteenth century Europe, to the latest microprocessor-powered models.

City of Science: This website, produced by the Nuffield Curriculum Centre and funded by the National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts, looks at the science of London. The site allows you to explore how science has helped to shape London and meet the needs of its people. Find out what London does for science as a centre of research excellence from the entries showing where science is done. Alert yourself the many science events that are open to the public. The site covers science in its broadest sense by including not just pure and applied sciences but also engineering and technologies of all kinds.

Scientists & Engineers: Biographies of Charles Babbage, John Bernal, Henry Bessemer, George Bidder, John Blenkinsop, Matthew Boulton, Edward Bury, Sydney Camm, Edmund Cartwright, James Chadwick, John Cockcroft, Christopher Cockerell, Samuel Crompton, Humphry Davy, Michael Faraday, Rosalind Franklin, Daniel Gooc, Timothy Hackworth, John Haldane, James Hargreaves, William Hedley, Dorothy Hodgkin, Julian Huxley, Edward Jenner, William Jessop, R. V. Jones, John Kay, Frederick Lindemann, Joseph Locke, John MacAdam, Charles Macintosh, George Macintosh, Reginald J. Mitchell, William Murdock, Matthew Murray, James Nasmyth, William Perkin, Joseph Priestley, John Rastrick, George Rennie, John Rennie, Ernest Rutherford, George Stephenson, Robert Stephenson, Thomas Telford, Charles Tennant, Henry Tizard, Richard Trevithick, Charles Vignoles, Barnes Wallis, James Watt, Robert Watson-Watt, Frank Whittle, Joseph Whitworth, Nicholas Wood and Solly Zuckerman.

British National Space Centre: The British National Space Centre (BNSC) is a voluntary partnership, formed from 10 Government Departments and Research Councils, to coordinate UK civil space activity. The BNSC Learning Zone contains lots of information about space and space exploration. Younger students are hosted by cartoon-character Cosmo who provides a planet-by-planet guide. Advanced Explorers (14-18-year-olds) get detailed information on the Solar System, space exploration and the planet Earth.

Planet Energy: Renewable energy comes from continuously available sources which do not rely on exhaustible fossil fuels like coal, oil and gas. The main sources of renewable energy in the UK are wind (both on and offshore), the sun (solar photovoltaics), water (conventional hydro, and the developing technologies of tidal stream and wave) and biomass (including energy crops). This website, produced by the DTI provides case-studies for classroom use and links to investigate topics in more detail. It provides renewable energy information for teachers (Information Zone) and students (Energy Trail). The site also contains a guide to funding sources for renewable energy in schools.

Science Pages is the on-line home of the Science Department at Nether Stowe School in Lichfield, Staffordshire. The site features key stage 3, 4 and 5 revision materials and weblinks, a news section, online quizzes, interactive crosswords and student work. The site is designed and is maintained by Richard Anderson, a Chemistry (GCSE) and Biology (AS/A2) teacher at the school. Other members of the science teaching staff are now becoming more involved in generating material for the site; and it is envisaged that the site will become a valuable resource to support our student's learning from Year 7 to Year 13.

Virtual Skeletons Project: This project is funded by the Division of Undergraduate Education of the National Science Foundation as part of the interagency Digital Libraries initiative. The purpose of this site is to enable you to view the bones of a human, gorilla, and baboon and to gather information about them from our osteology database. This site provides an interactive environment in which to examine and learn about skeletal anatomy. This includes: high-quality images of bones labels of all muscles, articulations, and morphological features high-resolution 3-D renderings of the skeletal elements in both animation (Quicktime) and interactive virtual reality (VRML) format.

Nutty Birdwatcher: This website offers information on birdwatching, backyard bird feeding, comprehensive bird feeder preference chart, suet receipes, what are the natural foods of birds which includes insects, mammals, etc., spring and fall bird migration timetables, the do's & dont's of building bird nestboxes, comprehensive guides to identifying birds with checklists. Other features include information about bird habitats and their breeding and nesting habits, galleries which include paintings and pictures of birds with species accounts, facts and hard-to-find information such as bird group names, predators to birds, feeder facts, etc.

On the Line was a millennium project that explored and celebrated the lives of people who live in the eight countries lying along the zero degree meridian line: Togo, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali, Algeria, Spain, France, and the United Kingdom. The exploration section offers virtual journeys through meridian line countries, as well as environmental features. In the schools area, you will find teaching activities and resources.

DNA Learning Center: The Dolan DNA Learning Center (DNALC) is the world's first science center devoted entirely to public genetics education and is an operating unit of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, an important center for molecular genetics research. The DNA Learning Center website argues that the "social imperative of genetics research demands the development of educational resources to build a genetically literate public that supports basic biological research, understands elements of personal genetic health, and participates effectively in policy issues involving genetic technology and information".

Everest: The mysteries of Everest boggle the mind. How did it get so tall? What changes happen in the human body in the extreme conditions of high altitude climbing? Learn the answers to these questions by visiting The Tech Museum of Innovation online exhibition on Everest. This includes exploring plate tectonics, physiology, or following one of the many links to other sites about the mountain.

LearnNet is for the use of teachers and students of chemistry at all levels. The network provides access to products and information relevant to the study of chemistry. Many resources are available free only on LearnNet. The entries are classified by experts in chemistry teaching to ensure that the best interests of the users are attended to at all times. LearnNet is an approved content provider for the UK's National Grid for Learning and Curriculum Online.

Groundwater: In this module students develop understanding about groundwater resources and the impact that humans and the forces of nature have on groundwater depletion. Through a series of individual and cooperative group activities the students investigate the relevance of fresh, accessible groundwater to them. Groups then compare the water quality of different sources of drinking water by conducting water quality tests on drinking water.

Leonardo da Vinci and his Machines: Leonardo DA Vinci was much more than an artist. He was an astronomer, sculptor, geologist, mathematician, botanist, animal behaviourist, inventor, engineer, architect and even a musician. This excellent website endeavours to introduce you to the scientific visionary and includes sections on Clocks & Cranes, Diving Gear & Water Floats, Flying Machines, Land Vehicles, Printing Press & Parachute, Robot, Lifting Jack, Water Pumps, Armoured Tank, Battleships & Submersibles, Bridges & Ladders, Catapults & Crossbows, Cannons & Machine Guns.

Speculative Science: Notes & Queries began in 1989 as a weekly column in the Guardian, and rapidly acquired a cult following. Now, thanks to the Internet, it is reaching a worldwide electronic audience. The questions and answers are organised into different categories. This section deals with science and includes questions such as: How can I demonstrate the cause of gravity rather than the effect of gravity? What direction does water flow down a plug hole on the equator? If I stood on the exact location of magnetic north, what direction would my compass point? Why are clouds different colours? Why is the sky blue? Can it ever be too cold to snow? Is it greener to burn all our combustable household waste on an open fire or send it to a land fill sight?

Science & Nature: The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a private, nonprofit corporation whose members are America's public TV stations. Science teachers can find hundreds of lessons and activities on this excellent website. The material is organized under the following headings Archeology & Anthropology, Creatures, Earth & Habitat, Health & Medicine, Physics, Space, Technology & Inventions.

Earth Observatory Newsroom: This website provides a one-stop source for the latest news on Earth science research. NASA news announcements, summaries of headline news, listings of new published research, and more are updated each week. Current stories include, Global Warming Gas Seen Increasing Dramatically, Coral Reefs May Be Healthier Than Thought, Sahel Drought: New Look at Causes, Volcanoes Help Unleash El Niño Disaster, Climate Linked to Reproduction of Whales, Military Weather Satellite Ready for Service and Climate Change: the Human Connection.

East Anglia Food Link is a not-for-profit cooperative representing all parts of the sustainable food chain. The "Healthy Food - Healthy World" project has developed educational materials to accompany sustainable food provision and healthy eating. The "Healthy Food - Healthy World" educational materials produced by EAFL and Cambridgeshire Environmental Education Centre at Stibbington are now available to browse online. The "Life Cycle Sequencing" consists of a set of click-through sequences telling the stories of eight components of a day's meals. The "Pupil and Teacher Materials" are files (mostly Adobe pdf) to print out or save for classroom use.

Alex's Paper Aeroplanes: This website provides plans that enable students to cut and fold paper into a wide range of aerodynamic shapes. This includes the Rapier (flies like a glider but has the elegant shape and great precision of a dart), Flying Fish (flies well in a straight line), Dragon Plane (will fly for 30 meters), Helicopter (will stay aloft for ages and spiral down excellently), Rocket (designed by a Physics lecturer) and Floating Paper Airplane (with its wide wing span and the stabilising winglets at the end of wings it is very stable and flies for long distances).

Science Coursework: Jonathan Osborne, professor of science education at King’s College, London, recently claimed that the pressure to do well in assessment meant that coursework investigations were now being taught as a set of “receipe-like steps” that have little to do with proper scientific exploration. Osborne argues that assessment of investigation is dominated by just three experiments: measuring the resistance of a wire, the rates of chemical reaction and the rate of osmosis in a potato. Osborne adds: “How can such a limited set of practicals develop or exemplify the wide range of skills and scientific practices that constitute science… It’s a bit like reducing the teaching of performance in music to three standard scales on a recorder.” If you have views on this subject, register with the Education Forum and join the debate.

A New Kind of Science: Stephen Wolfram's massive new book is now available online: The ten chapters are: The Foundations for a New Kind of Science, The Crucial Experiment, The World of Simple Programs, Systems Based on Numbers, Two Dimensions and Beyond, Starting from Randomness, Mechanisms in Programs and Nature, Implications for Everyday Systems, Fundamental Physics, Processes of Perception and Analysis, The Notion of Computation and The Principle of Computational Equivalence.

Alan Turling and Morphogenesis: Alan Turing has a wide and still growing reputation as one of the most creative thinkers of the 20th century. His interests, from computing and the mind to information and biology span many of the emerging themes of the 21st century. Jonathan Swinton uses his website to look at the work, on morphogenesis in general and Fibonacci phyllotaxis in particular, which was carried out by Alan Turing in the four or so years before his death.

BBC Science: Portal website providing the latest news on science. This includes articles on the Hubble Space Telescope, Nasa's Mars Expedition, Genetically Modified Maize, Fossil Louse, Hottest Summer in 500 Years, Beagle 2, Perfect Lenses, Quantum Cryptography, Dodging the Firewall, Water on Mars, Computer Equipment and Environmental Damage, Whaling and Climate Change.

Butterfly and Insect World: Based in Lasswade, Scotland, Butterfly and Insect World allows you to take an exciting journey through a tropical rainforest, experience the life and learn about the creatures. See exotic butterflies and tropical birds flying free, handle snakes and spiders, see poisonous frogs and scorpions, leaf cutter ants and much much more. At any one time, 30 to 40 species can be seen, from the brilliant blue of the South American Morpho butterfly, to the tiny transparent Glasswing butterfly, to the scarlet, yellow and black Postman butterfly. During the course of a year, it has over 300 species, so there is always a new species to see. At regular intervals throughout the day, handling sessions are held, an opportunity for visitors to get to grips with some of the larger animals. Regular stars appearing are Milly the millipede, Monty the royal python, Jemima the jungle nymph (a stick insect) and a cameo performance by Abby-Sue, a tarantula (or her stunt double!)

Natural History Museum: With over 70 million specimens and over 350 collections-based curators and researchers the NHM represents the national centre for the study of taxonomy and systematics. The material is organized under the headings: Botany, Entomology, Mineralogy, Palaeontology, Zoology and Biodiversity. There is also a lively and stimulating programme of exhibitions and events about nature. The Darwin Centre is a major new development at the Natural History Museum. It provides world-class storage facilities for precious collections, new laboratories, and access behind the scenes for visitors. Whereas the Life Galleries contain details of dinosaurs, insects, ecology, human biology, mammals, primates, minerals and origin of species.

BBC Health: An excellent website that includes a great deal of information on health. Every week day, Dr Trisha Macnair and DR Rob Hicks answer one question exclusively for BBC Health. The extensive archive includes all topics the doctors have covered so far. It's continuously growing as a fresh topic is added on a daily basis. The A-Z Illnesses and Conditions section contains information about the vital facts about a plethora of illnesses and conditions from around BBC Health whereas Healthy Living looks at nutrition, weight, fitness and complementary medicine.

Net Doctor: As well as an extensive encyclopedia covering diseases, medicines and examinations, there's a forum for discussing medical issues. There are articles on lifestyle subjects including fitness, parenthood and giving up smoking. You can also take interactive tests for certain conditions such as addictions and depression. You can also email questions directly to the doctor. There is also a database of previously asked questions.

The Deep: Hull is home to Britain's leading aquarium and includes a huge tank containing 2.5m litres of water. The Deep is an environmental and educational charity dedicated to understanding and protecting the world's oceans. Its Learning Centre has a collection of teaching resources for Biology, Science, Maths, Design & Technology, Art & Design and English. The Discovery Zone includes games and a Fish Library.

Doctor Over Time: It didn't really matter what ailed you. If you were sick in 1900, your doctor couldn't do much more than provide comfort until your body defeated the illness, or until the illness defeated you. The doctor had a few goodies in his little black bag, though: morphine and aspirin to ease pain, quinine to fight off malaria, smallpox vaccine, and digitalis for heart failure. How that black bag has grown in the past century! There are medicines and treatments for almost every illness known to man. This activity shows how doctors over this century would have handled the same afflictions. All you have to do is complain to the doctor, then see how he or she responds.

KidsHealth: Created by The Nemours Foundation's Center for Children's Health Media, the award-winning site provides families with accurate, up-to-date, and jargon-free health information they can use. KidsHealth has been on the Web since 1995 - and has been accessed by over 100,000,000 visitors. It has separate areas for kids, teens, and parents - each with its own design, age-appropriate content, and tone. There are literally thousands of in-depth features, articles, animations, games, and resources - all original and all developed by experts in the health of children and teens.

On the Edge: This PBS website looks at the stories of the Aids researcher Dr David Ho; the developers of the polio vaccine, Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin; the work of the astronomer Jocelyn Bell, and the discovers of the early tranquilliser chlooropromazine, Henri Laborit and Pierre Deniker. There are two versions of this material. This includes a series of colourful cartoons.

Antonine Education: James Irvine has created a website for Post 16 students in the following subjects: AS electronics, AS ICT and AS Physics. It is designed for students doing the AQA syllabuses in these subjects. The notes are based on Irvine's student handouts, but they also include interactive questions. The students can attempt the questions, then click on a hyperlink to get a model answer. The website also includes some PowerPoint demonstrations.

Microbes: Although it adopts a gimmicky format, with microbiologist Sam Sleuth solving microbe mysteries, this website provides students with a comprehensive account of the subject. This includes information on what they are, where they live, there use in pollution control, medicine and industry. The material is organized in several different sections: Solving Microbe Mysteries, Microbes in the News and Experiments.

Science Experts: Allexperts, created in early 1998, was the very first large-scale question and answer service on the net! The website has thousands of volunteers, including top lawyers, doctors, engineers, and scientists, waiting to answer your questions. All answers are free and most come within a day! The material is organized under the following headings: Alternative Science, Applied Science/Engineering, Computer Sciences, Earth Science, Life Science, Physical Science and Social Science.

The Black Death: Professor Christopher Duncan and Dr Susan Scott of Liverpool University have argued that the Black Death, which killed 23m people in the middle ages, could be lying dormant and could strike again. Their claim is based on the theory that the pandemic was triggered not by bubonic plague but by another virus. "We believe this virus is merely lying in wait, ready to strike again," said Professor Duncan. The Black Death is thought to have caused the deaths of up to 200m people worldwide over the past 1,500 years. However, DR Michael Smith, a leading expert on plague, is not convinced: "For many years, there have been queries about whether the bubonic plague was responsible for the Black Death. However, much of the clinical descriptions certainly fit bubonic plague. A paper, published by French researchers recently, based on DNA tests on the remains of two people who died during this time also found evidence that it was bubonic plague."

Influenza Pandemic of 1918: The influenza pandemic of 1918-1919 killed more people than the Great War (1914-18), at somewhere between 20 and 40 million people. It has been cited as the most devastating epidemic in recorded world history. More people died of influenza in a single year than in four-years of the Black Death Bubonic Plague from 1347 to 1351. Known as "Spanish Flu" or "La Grippe" the influenza of 1918-1919 was a global disaster. In the fall of 1918 the Great War in Europe was winding down and peace was on the horizon. The Americans had joined in the fight, bringing the Allies closer to victory against the Germans. Deep within the trenches these men lived through some of the most brutal conditions of life, which it seemed could not be any worse. Then, in pockets across the globe, something erupted that seemed as benign as the common cold. The influenza of that season, however, was far more than a cold. In the two years that this scourge ravaged the earth, a fifth of the world's population was infected. The flu was most deadly for people ages 20 to 40. This pattern of morbidity was unusual for influenza which is usually a killer of the elderly and young children.

Amazing Space: The teaching tools section of Amazing Space provides educators and developers access to all the teaching materials available on the website. This index includes an 'Overview' with each resource. Topics covered include Black Holes, Comets, Electromagnetic, Galaxies, Gravity, History of Science, Hubble Space Telescope, Maths: Estimating and Sampling, Maths: Statistics, Solar System, Stars and Stellar Evolution. Material is also organized under the headings: Graphic Organizers, Pictures & Facts, Q&As, Myths vs. Realities, Resources with Educator Guides, Science Content Reading Materials and Online Explorations.

Spitzer Space Telescope: The Spitzer Space Telescope (formerly SIRTF, the Space Infrared Telescope Facility) was launched into space by a Delta rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida on 25 August 2003. During its mission, Spitzer will obtain images and spectra by detecting the infrared energy, or heat, radiated by objects in space between wavelengths of 3 and 180 microns (1 micron is one-millionth of a meter). Most of this infrared radiation is blocked by the Earth's atmosphere and cannot be observed from the ground. Its highly sensitive instruments give us a unique view of the Universe and allow us to peer into regions of space which are hidden from optical telescopes. Spitzer is the largest infrared telescope ever launched into space and this website provides the latest news and photographs from its travels.

BBC Space: This BBC website provides information on a wide range of topics in space and astronomy. Some of its features include a 3D interactive tour of the Solar System, Planet Gallery (pictures of the planets taken by amateur astronomers), Exploration (the history and future of planetary missions), News (latest news on the Solar System), Constellation Guide (explore the shapes of the constellations and the stories behind them), Sky Maps & Notes (print off a map of the night sky to help you find your way around the heavens), Cosmology Animation (learn how theories about the Solar System have changed in the past 500 years), Interactive Space Map (find your place in the Universe with this map of space), Diary of an Astronaut (follow Claudie Haigneré as she prepares for her mission to the International Space Station) and Future Spaceflight (investigate the options for future space travel).

Hubblesite: This beautifully designed website has been produced by the Space Telescope Science Institute. The website includes a rrichly-illustrated guide to the Hubble Space Telescope. Find out what the science instruments do, how the pictures are made, and why NASA put a telescope in space. The News Centre provides Hubble pictures and news, from the latest discoveries to the earliest images. You can also take a pictorial "tour" of the universe through Hubble's eye. The Gallery presents myriad stars, planets, galaxies, nebulae, and strange celestial phenomena in full colour and exquisite detail. The site also contains games and activities for space explorers of all ages. Reference Desk provides facts and figures about the Hubble Space Telescope.

© , September 1997 - April 2014