Teaching History Online
Number 30: 17th February, 2002
Spartacus Educational publishes Teaching History Online every week. The newsletter includes news, reviews of websites and articles on using ICT in the history classroom. Members of the mailing list are invited to submit information for inclusion in future editions of Teaching History Online. In this way we hope to create a community of people involved in using the Internet to teach history. Currently there are 17,400 subscribers to the newsletter.
Nuremberg: On December 9, 1946, an American military tribunal opened criminal proceedings against 23 leading German physicians and administrators for their willing participation in war crimes and crimes against humanity. In Nazi Germany, German physicians planned and enacted the "Euthanasia" Program, the systematic killing of those they deemed "unworthy of life." The victims included the mentally retarded, the institutionalized mentally ill, and the physically impaired. Further, during World War II, German physicians conducted pseudoscientific medical experiments utilizing thousands of concentration camp prisoners without their consent. Most died or were permanently crippled as a result. Most of the victims were Jews, Poles, Russians, and Gypsies. After almost 140 days of proceedings, including the testimony of 85 witnesses and the submission of almost 1,500 documents, the American judges pronounced their verdict on August 20, 1947. Sixteen of the doctors were found guilty. Seven were sentenced to death. They were executed on June 2, 1948. In commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of the Doctors Trial, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum presents excerpts from the official trial record, with accompanying photographs.
Adolf Hitler: Jewish Virtual Library: A collection of documents and articles concerning Adolf Hitler. This includes the exchange of letters Between Hindenburg And Hitler concerning the status of Jews who served in the German Army, Mein Kampf, Adolf Hitler's First Antisemitic Writing, Adolf Hitler on the Annihilation of the Jews, Hitler & the Jewish Question, Hitler on Propaganda, Hitlers Explanation of the Soviet Invasion, Hitler's Last Will and Was Hitler Jewish?
Roosevelt and the New Deal: A comprehensive encyclopedia of Roosevelt and the New Deal. Each entry contains a narrative, illustrations and primary sources. The text within each entry is hypertexted to other relevant pages in the encyclopedia. In this way it is possible to research individual people and events in great detail. The sources are also hypertexted so the student is able to find out about the writer, artist, newspaper, organization, etc., that produced the material. So far there are sections on New Deal Personalities (22), New Deal Legislation (18) and New Deal Photographers (18).
Leon Trotsky: History of the Russian Revolution: John Gowland (Australia), Alphanos Pangas (Greece) and David Walters (United States) have transcribed Leon Trotsky's The History of the Russian Revolution for the World Wide Web. Translated by Max Eastman in 1932, this edition comes in three volumes: The Overthrow of Tzarism, The Attempted Counter Revolution and The Triumph of the Soviets.
Anarchism and the Russian Revolution: This website looks at the role of the Bolsheviks in destroying workers democracy after the Russian Revolution and the creation of Stalinism. The authors argue that there was an anarchist alternative to both Leninism and the return of Czarism. The articles on the website were originally published in the Workers Solidarity Movement and includes the History of the Makhnovist Movement, The Makhnovist Army, Life, Times and the Confessions of Victor Serge and How Lenin led to Stalin.
Internet History Sourcebook: Russian Revolution: Another of the great websites produced as part of the Internet History Sourcebooks Project based at Fordham University in New York. The website, edited by Paul Halsall, provides a large collection of documents organized under the headings: The Tsarist State, Lenin, 1905 Revolution, 1917 Russian Revolution, Bolshevik Rule to 1924 and Stalinism.
Joseph Stalin Reference Archive: This website includes a detailed biography of Joseph Stalin plus a collection of articles written by Stalin. This includes Marxism and the National Question (1913), Our Disagreements (1921), Trotskyism or Lenism? (1924), October Revolution & Tactics of the Russian Communists (1924), The 16th Congress of the CPSU (1930), Dialectical and Historical Materialism (1938) and Marxism and Problems of Linguistics (1950).
Lord William's School: Still in it's early days, this site is produced by members of the History Department at Lord Williams's School, Thame, Oxfordshire. It is aimed at Lord Williams's students as a tool for homework, with copies of resource sheets and revision quizzes for all year groups from 7 to 13. It is particularly focused on GCSE students, where the school follows the Edexcel SHP Syllabus (Medicine & Weimar/Nazi Germany). The site also provides a clear summary of useful links to other history sites, plus information about department activities including trips, research and the newly-formed 6th Form History Society. Students can take part in historical polls and can access email support from a teacher. The site is evolving all the time in response to student feedback, and links to the new Lord Williams's School site where students can access further information related to their studies.
Stanley Tech History Room: The History Room provides links to the best school history sites in Britain, together with sites of interest to students researching for coursework and homework. History heroes/heroines are featured regularly to provoke the reader to learn more. Viewers can nominate their own favourite historical characters for inclusion. Linked to the History Room are a growing number of pages dedicated to the various modules of study - at present the American Indians, and shortly the Cold War. Pupils history work is published in the Pupil Work pages, and student achievements celebrated in the Honours page.